The boom in tourism caused Palma to grow significantly. [57][58][59], Mallorca has been jokingly referred to as the 17th Federal State of Germany, due to the high number of German tourists. Other famous writers used Mallorca as the setting for their works: While on the island, the Nicaraguan poet Rubén Darío started writing the novel El oro de Mallorca, and wrote several poems, such as La isla de oro. [34] He published his poems La estrella (1920) and Catedral (1921) in the regional magazine Baleares. Marl is limestone with a high proportion of clay minerals. He was also able to undertake work on his Ballade No. The turbulent history of the city had it subject to several Vandal sackings during the fall of the Western Roman Empire. Built in the 13th century, surrounded by subtropical lush gardens and incomparable views of the Bay of Palma, this enchanting castle invites you to dream. Holiday makers are attracted by the large number of beaches, warm weather, and high-quality tourist amenities. 3, Op. Both are about 70 km (43 mi) in length and occupy the northwestern and eastern parts of the island respectively. Mallorca is the most populous island in the Balearic Islands and the second most populous island in Spain, after Tenerife,[50] in the Canary Islands, being also the fourth most populous island in the Mediterranean after Sicily, Sardinia and Cyprus. Joan Miró, a Spanish painter, sculptor, and ceramicist, had close ties to the island throughout his life, he married Pilar Juncosa in Palma in 1929 and settled permanently in Mallorca in 1954. The English poet Robert Graves moved to Mallorca with his family in 1946. Visitors to Mallorca continued to increase with holiday makers in the 1970s approaching 3 million a year. Among the foods that are typical from Mallorca are sobrassada, arròs brut (saffron rice cooked with chicken, pork and vegetables), and the sweet pastry ensaïmada. It is believed to have been imported from Catalonia in the 13th or 14th century, after the Aragonese conquest of the island under King Jaime I. Since the 1950s, Mallorca has become a major tourist destination, and the tourism business has become the main source of revenue for the island. In addition, the northern town of Bocchoris, dating back to pre-Roman times, was a federated city to Rome. Another Mallorcan dance is Correfoc, an elaborate festival of dance and pyrotechnics that is also of Catalan origin. The northern coast is rugged and has many cliffs. Apparently, Chopin's health had already deteriorated and his doctor recommended that he go to the Balearic Islands to recuperate, where he still spent a rather miserable winter. Small uninhabited islands lie off the southern and western coasts; the Cabrera Archipelago is administratively grouped with Mallorca (in the municipality of Palma), while Dragonara is administratively included in the municipality of Andratx. The international airport, Palma de Mallorca Airport, is one of the busiest in Spain; it was used by 28 million passengers in 2017, with use increasing every year since 2012.[5]. [62] A main reason for illegal building permits, corruption and black market construction is that communities have few ways to finance themselves other than through permits. [38] He is also credited as founder of Alfaguara. The last episode of the War of Spanish Succession was the conquest of the island of Mallorca. Some of the earliest famous Mallorcans lived on the island before its reconquest from the Moors. [citation needed], A Nationalist stronghold at the start of the Spanish Civil War, Mallorca was subjected to an amphibious landing, on 16 August 1936, aimed at driving the Nationalists from Mallorca and reclaiming the island for the Republic. The Serres de Llevant also contain marl, the more rapid erosion of which has resulted in the lower elevations of the island's southeastern mountains. Son Vida, Spain (ES) The Serbian tennis player purchased this 10,200 sqft Mallorca home in 2008 for a reported €4.5 million. [11][better source needed]. Mallorca (Palma) - The current image, detailed weather forecast for the next days and comments. [28], The Polish composer and pianist Frédéric Chopin, together with French writer Amantine Lucile Aurore Dupin (pseudonym: George Sand), resided in Valldemossa in the winter of 1838–39. Show Content. The Almoravides were replaced by the Almohad dynasty until 1229. As of July 2019, Catalina Cladera [es] (PSIB-PSOE) serves as president of the Insular Council.[68]. Nobel prize winner Camilo José Cela came to Mallorca in 1954, visiting Pollença, and then moving to Palma, where he settled permanently. Geiseric, son of Gunderic, governed Mallorca and used it as his base to loot and plunder settlements around the Mediterranean [11][better source needed] until Roman rule was restored in 465. It was later reconquered by the Byzantines, established by the Moors (who called it Medina Mayurqa), and finally occupied by James I of Aragon. Like the other Balearic Islands of Menorca, Ibiza and Formentera, the island is an extremely popular holiday destination, particularly for tourists from Germany and the United Kingdom. Discover the majestic and elegant Castillo Hotel Son Vida, high above Palma de Mallorca in the exclusive villa district of Son Vida. The Barbary corsairs of North Africa often attacked the Balearic Islands, and in response, the people built coastal watchtowers and fortified churches. Recurrent invasions led the islanders to ask Charlemagne for help. Other notable areas include the Alfabia Mountains, Es Cornadors and Cap de Formentor. [43] The Fundació Pilar i Joan Miró in Mallorca has a collection of his works. [60][61], Attempts to build illegally caused a scandal in 2006 in Port Andratx that the newspaper El País named "caso Andratx". The town of Palma was reshaped and expanded, and became known as Medina Mayurqa. The limestones, which predominate throughout Mallorca, are readily water-soluble, and have given rise to extensive areas of karst. [9] The local economy was largely driven by olive cultivation, viticulture, and salt mining. Mallorca is the largest island of Spain by area and second most populated (after Tenerife in the Canary Islands). The local language, as on the rest of the Balearic Islands, is Catalan, which is co-official with Spanish.. [33] She would later write the book Problem at Pollensa Bay and Other Stories, a collection of short stories, of which the first one takes place in Port de Pollença, starring Parker Pyne. [citation needed], The island was occupied by the Romans in 123 BC under Quintus Caecilius Metellus Balearicus. With its 164 rooms and suites, including the iconic LOEWE suite, decorated by the renowned Spanish designer Enrique Loewe, the Castillo Hotel Son Vida … It is located in the southwestern part of the island of Majorca, between the Serra de Tramuntana and the Serra de Na Burguesa.The municipal seat is the town of Vila Calvia.. Calvià has an approximate area of 145 km 2 (56 sq mi). [46][failed verification] The two official languages of Mallorca are Catalan and Spanish. During that period, the island was visited by Ibn Hazm. For other uses, see. Se encuentra situada en las colinas al oeste del centro de la ciudad de Palma. He became fluent in Catalan, carried out research into the island's flora and fauna, history, and culture to produce his main work, Die Balearen, a comprehensive collection of books about the Balearic Islands, consisting of 7 volumes. Se encuentra situada en las colinas al oeste del centro de la ciudad de Palma. [18], The climate of Mallorca is a Mediterranean climate (Köppen: Csa), with mild and stormy winters and hot, bright, dry summers. Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Madrid, 2019. Mallorca (Catalan: [məˈʎɔɾkə], Spanish: [maˈʎoɾka]) or Majorca (English: /məˈjɔːrkə, -ˈdʒɔːr-/ mə-YOR-kə, -⁠JOR-)[2][3] is the largest island in the Balearic Islands, which are part of Spain and located in the Mediterranean. [55] In 2017, ten million tourists visited the island. Necròpoli de Son Real (east of Can Picafort. [35] The latter poem shows his admiration for the monumental Cathedral of Palma.[36]. Esta página se editó por última vez el 19 ago 2020 a las 16:25. The house is now a museum. Specialists assumed that the weapon was made when the Talaiotic culture was in critical comedown. It flourished under Roman rule, during which time the towns of Pollentia (Alcúdia), and Palmaria (Palma) were founded. Mallorca és una illa de la Mediterrània, la més gran de les Illes Balears —per això també se l'anomena la Balear Major—, i és lloc d'origen dels mallorquins i les mallorquines.Pel gran pes demogràfic de la capital, Palma, l'illa es va dividir tradicionalment entre Ciutat i la Part Forana.La Part Forana és la ruralia, la terra situada fora de població. In 1983, Palma became the capital of the autonomous region of the Balearic Islands. The Balearic Islands, of which Mallorca forms part, are one of the autonomous communities of Spain. In 2010 over 6 million visitors came to Mallorca. [67], It is responsible for culture, roads, railways (see Serveis Ferroviaris de Mallorca) and municipal administration. The two wettest months in Mallorca are October and December.[19]. There are approximately 79 ferries between Mallorca and other destinations every week, most of them to mainland Spain. Abú Yahya was the last Moorish leader of Mallorca. The eroded material was washed into the sea or deposited in the interior of the island of the Pla de Mallorca, bright marls in the north-east of the island and ferrous clays in the middle of Mallorca, which gives the soil its characteristic reddish colour.[22]. Zweck: Verwaltung der von Ihnen gebuchten Dienstleistungen. In 427, Gunderic and the Vandals captured the island. Directions: Search the directions to CASTILLO HOTEL SON VIDA, SA VILETA,PALMA DE MALLORCA, Spain Google Maps Address: Search on Google Maps with the address CASTILLO HOTEL SON VIDA, SA VILETA,PALMA DE MALLORCA, Spain Google Maps GPS: Search on Google Maps with the GPS CASTILLO HOTEL SON VIDA, SA VILETA,PALMA DE MALLORCA, Spain Hotels: Search a Hotel in SA VILETA,PALMA DE MALLORCA… [56] The rapid growth of the tourism industry has led to some locals protesting the effects of mass tourism on the island. [27], Ludwig Salvator loved the island of Mallorca. He managed to finish the Preludes, Op. 38; two Polonaises, Op. [51] It had an officially estimated population of 896,038 inhabitants at the start of 2019.[52]. As a whole, they are currently governed by the Balearic Islands Socialist Party (PSIB-PSOE), with Francina Armengol as their President. Those events became known as the Battle of Majorca.[14]. The highest peak on Mallorca is Puig Major at 1,445 m (4,741 ft) in the Serra de Tramuntana. Lakes Cúber and Gorg Blau, Serra de Tramuntana, Sunrise across Pollensa Bay, Port de Pollença, "Majorca" redirects here. "Ein Felsen, der aus dem Meer gewachsen ist" [German], interview with geologist Rosa Mateos in, Cifra de población referida al 1 January 2009 según el, an expedition of Pisans and Catalans in 1114–15, Problem at Pollensa Bay and Other Stories, Evolution Mallorca International Film Festival, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The Mallorca Black pig: Production system, conservation and breeding strategies", "Large rise in number of foreign nationals", "Sword in the Stones: 3,200-Year-Old Weapon Unearthed Near Spanish Megalith", "3,200-Year-Old Bronze Age Sword Unearthed On Spanish Island Of Mallorca", "Fantastic views from the top of Palma Cathedral", "Guía resumida del clima en España (1981–2010)", "Cultural Landscape of the Serra de Tramuntana – UNESCO World Heritage Centre", "Agatha Christie: inspired by Mallorca – Illes Balears", "Cautivos en la isla: En la muerte de Camilo José Cela", "Ritual made dance: the Ball dels Cossiers", "Traditional music and dance in Mallorca", "Evolution Mallorca International Film Festival", "Estatut d'autonomia de les Illes Balears", "El PP recorta el peso oficial del catalán en Baleares", "La izquierda de Baleares "entierra" el trilingüismo y potencia el catalán", "Real Decreto 1458/2018, de 14 de diciembre, por el que se declaran oficiales las cifras de población resultantes de la revisión del Padrón municipal referidas al 1 de enero de 2018", Mallorca, cuarta isla más poblada del Mediterráneo, "BALEARIC ISLANDS REGIONAL CONTEXT SURVEY", "Spanish Island Tells Tourists to Stay Home", "Mass tourism in Mallorca: Trouble in paradise", "Mallorca aims for refined cocktails, not party tourism | DW | 18.04.2019", "100 Jahre Mallorca-Tourismus: Das 17. deutsche Bundesland", "La investigación del 'caso Andratx' descubre un 'pelotazo' de 10 millones en suelo rústico", "Bedrohte Paradiese (2/3): Mallorca und die Balearen – Ferienparadies am Abgrund", "El ex alcalde de Andratx y un ex director general entran en prisión", "Scott gives evidence in holiday homes affair", "Turistas con destino principal las Illes Balears por periodo, isla y país de residencia", "Consejos insulares y diputaciones provinciales", Instituto Nacional de Administración Pública, "Catalina Cladera investida presidenta del Consell de Mallorca", Accés Mallorca - Large tourist guide with a lot of information about history and cultural heritage of Mallorca,, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles lacking reliable references from December 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2015, Articles lacking reliable references from July 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2015, Articles containing Catalan-language text, Articles lacking reliable references from October 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2014, Articles with failed verification from May 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2016, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles needing additional references from August 2015, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2017, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TDVİA identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Mallorca (Catalan: [məˈʎɔɾkə], Spanish: [maˈʎoɾka]) or Majorca (English: / m ə ˈ j ɔːr k ə,-ˈ dʒ ɔːr-/ mə-YOR-kə, -⁠ JOR-) is the largest island in the Balearic Islands, which are part of Spain and located in the Mediterranean. Later on, with the Caliphate of Córdoba at its height, the Moors improved agriculture with irrigation and developed local industries. Está compuesta por más de 350 mansiones rodeadas de jardines, exuberante vegetación natural y el campo de Golf Son Vida. [48] As of 2016[update], with the most recent election in May 2015 sweeping a pro-Catalan party and president into power, the Popular Party's policy of trilingualism (Catalán, Spanish, English) has been dismantled,[49] making this outcome unlikely. Calvià (locally ) is a municipality on the island of Majorca, part of the Spanish autonomous community of the Balearic Islands. The caliphate was dismembered in 1015. [citation needed], From 1479, the Crown of Aragon was in dynastic union with that of Castile. [21] Tectonic movements led to different elevation and lowering zones in the late Tertiary period, which is why the connection to the mainland has been severed at the current sea level. He first arrived on the island in 1867, travelling under his title "Count of Neuendorf". [45], The main language spoken on the island is Catalan. [63] The former mayor was incarcerated in 2009 after being prosecuted for taking bribes to permit illegal house building. The island's folk music strongly resembles that of Catalonia, and is centered around traditional instruments like the xeremies (bagpipe) and guitarra de canya (a reed or bone xylophone-like instrument suspended from the neck). Dóna nom al Prat de Sant Jordi, antic pantà dessecat per la mà de l'home a mitjans del segle xix. Education is bilingual in Catalan and Spanish, with some teaching of English.[47]. [23][24] One of Europe's most popular cycling destinations, Mallorca cycling routes such as the popular 24 km cycle track (segregated cycle lane) which runs between Porto Cristo and Cala Bona via Sa Coma and Cala Millor are must rides. The island (including the small offshore islands of Cabrera and Dragonera) is administratively divided into 53 municipalities. Google Maps [53] With thousands of rooms available Mallorca's economy is largely dependent on its tourism industry. In addition to limestone, dolomitic rocks are mainly present in the mountainous regions of Mallorca; the Serra de Tramuntana and the Serres de Llevant. In 1570, King Philip II of Spain and his advisors were considering complete evacuation of the Balearic islands. Mallorca came under rule by the Taifa of Dénia, and from 1087 to 1114, was an independent Taifa. Since the 1950s, the advent of mass tourism has transformed the island into a destination for foreign visitors and attracted many service workers from mainland Spain. Although the Republicans heavily outnumbered their opponents and managed to push 12 km (7.5 mi) inland, superior Nationalist air power, provided mainly by Fascist Italy as part of the Italian occupation of Majorca, forced the Republicans to retreat and to leave the island completely by 12 September. [ editar datos en Wikidata] Son Vida es una urbanización de lujo en Mallorca, España. Cuenta con servicio de vigilancia las 24 h y un único acceso a la urbanización para garantizar el nivel de seguridad en la zona. 07013. He later settled on Mallorca, buying up wild areas of land in order to preserve and enjoy them. Palma has a famous tourist attraction, the cathedral, Catedral-Basílica de Santa María de Mallorca, standing in the heart of the City looking out over the ocean. [64][65], Data from Institute of Statistics of Balearic Islands[66]. [46] The local dialect of Catalan spoken in the island is Mallorquí, with slightly different variants in most villages. After the city fell, the invaders retreated due to problems in their own lands. The areas and populations of the municipalities (according to the Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Spain) are: Archduke Ludwig Salvator of Austria (Catalan: Arxiduc Lluís Salvador) was the architect of tourism in the Balearic Islands. The name derives from Classical Latin insula maior, "larger island". The specific government institution for the island is the Insular Council of Mallorca [es], created in 1978. [8][better source needed] The island eventually came under the control of Carthage in North Africa, which had become the principal Phoenician city. His forces entered the city of Medina Mayurqa on 31 December 1229. [54] Due to the climate and diversity in roads, Majorca attracts a lot of cyclists. 39.[31]. He died in 1985 and his body was buried in the small churchyard on a hill at Deià. [7] A non-exhaustive list is the following: The Phoenicians, a seafaring people from the Levant, arrived around the eighth century BC and established numerous colonies. Summers are hot in the plains, and winters mild, getting colder in the Tramuntana range, where brief episodes of snow during the winter are not unusual. Está compuesta por más de 350 mansiones rodeadas de jardines, exuberante vegetación natural y el campo de Golf Son Vida. Entdecken Sie das majestätische, elegante Castillo Hotel Son Vida hoch über den Dächern von Palma de Mallorca in dem exklusiven Villenviertel Son Vida. S'Hospitalet Vell (road to Cales de Mallorca, to the Balearic Islands from Dénia, Valencia and Barcelona, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 22:17. It took place on 2 July 1715 when the island capitulated to the arrival of a Bourbon fleet. [citation needed] Olives and almonds are typical of the Mallorcan diet. The local language, as on the rest of the Balearic Islands, is Catalan, which is co-official with Spanish. [12][better source needed], In the ensuing confusion and unrest, King James I of Aragon, also known as James the Conqueror, launched an invasion which landed at Santa Ponça, Mallorca, on 8–9 September 1229 with 15,000 men and 1,500 horses. However, an expedition of Pisans and Catalans in 1114–15, led by Ramon Berenguer III, Count of Barcelona, overran the island, laying siege to Palma for eight months. Later, in Medieval Latin, this became Maiorica, "the larger one", in comparison to Menorca, "the smaller one". Asimismo, cuenta también con dos reconocidos hoteles de cinco estrellas, el Hotel Son Vida y el Arabella Sheraton, y también está rodeada por tres campos de Golf: Son Vida Golf, Son Muntaner y Son Quint. [25] As this is a military zone, the neighbouring peak at Puig de Massanella is the highest accessible peak at 1,364 m (4,475 ft). The anthem of Mallorca is "La Balanguera". In 2005, there were over 2,400 restaurants on the island of Mallorca according to the Mallorcan Tourist Board, ranging from small bars to full restaurants. [16][17], The capital of Mallorca, Palma, was founded as a Roman camp called Palmaria upon the remains of a Talaiotic settlement. The sword will be on display at the nearby Majorca Museum. Directions: Search the directions to CASTILLO HOTEL SON VIDA, SA VILETA,PALMA DE MALLORCA, Spain Google Maps Address: Search on Google Maps with the address CASTILLO HOTEL SON VIDA, SA VILETA,PALMA DE MALLORCA, Spain Google Maps GPS: Search on Google Maps with the GPS CASTILLO HOTEL SON VIDA, SA VILETA,PALMA DE MALLORCA, Spain Hotels: Search a Hotel in SA VILETA,PALMA DE MALLORCA… They raised Bronze Age megaliths as part of their Talaiotic culture. They consist primarily of sediments deposited in the Tethys Sea during the Mesozoic era. The folding of the Betic Cordillera and Mallorcan ranges resulted from subduction of the African plate beneath the Eurasian plate with eventual collision. Jorge Luis Borges visited Mallorca twice, accompanied by his family. Mallorca has two mountainous regions, the Serra de Tramuntana and Serres de Llevant. The northeast coast comprises two bays: the Badia de Pollença and the larger Badia d'Alcúdia. [15], A 3,200-year-old well-preserved Bronze Age sword was discovered by archaeologists under the leadership of Jaume Deya and Pablo Galera on the Mallorca Island in the Puigpunyent from the stone megaliths site called Talaiot. In 534, Mallorca was recaptured by the Eastern Roman Empire, led by Apollinarius. Es Baluard in Palma is a museum of modern and contemporary art which exhibits the work of Balearic artists and artists related to the Balearic Islands., Wikipedia:Artículos con datos por trasladar a Wikidata, Wikipedia:Artículos con coordenadas en Wikidata, Wikipedia:Artículos con identificadores VIAF, Licencia Creative Commons Atribución Compartir Igual 3.0. Palma, auch Ciutat (de Mallorques) oder Palma de Mallorca, ist die Hauptstadt der spanischen Mittelmeerinsel Mallorca und Sitz der Regierung der autonomen Gemeinschaft der Balearen. In 2013, Mallorca was visited by nearly 9.5 million tourists, and the Balearic Islands as a whole reached 13 million tourists. Mallorcan soldiers were valued within the Roman legions for their skill with the sling.[10]. The capital of the island, Palma, is also the capital of the autonomous community of the Balearic Islands. In 1230 he annexed the island to his Crown of Aragon under the name Regnum Maioricae. Dieses bezaubernde Schloss aus dem 13. Mallorca and the other Balearic Islands are geologically an extension of the fold mountains of the Betic Cordillera of Andalusia. El Reial Club Deportiu Mallorca Sociedad Anónima Deportiva (abreujat: RCD Mallorca), sovint anomenat només Mallorca, és un club de futbol, fundat el 1916 a Palma amb el nom de Real Sociedad Alfonso XIII.Posteriorment amb l'arribada de la Segona República es canvià el nom pel de Club Deportiu Mallorca.El 1949 s'hi afegí el prefix Reial. The island's popularity as a tourist destination has steadily grown since the 1950s, with many artists and academics choosing to visit and live on the island. The Evolution Mallorca International Film Festival is the fastest growing Mediterranean film festival and has occurred annually every November since 2011, attracting filmmakers, producers, and directors globally. We offer a complimentary shuttle bus service between our 4 golf courses and the Sheraton Mallorca Arabella Golf Hotel as well as the Castillo Hotel Son Vida. [37] In 1956, Cela founded the magazine Papeles de Son Armadans. Famous Mallorcans include: A trackless train is in operation in several tourist areas.[71]. Mallorcan cosmographers and cartographers developed breakthroughs in cartographic techniques, namely the "normal portolan chart", which was fine-tuned for navigational use and the plotting by compass of navigational routes, prerequisites for the discovery of the New World. 28, that he started writing in 1835. In 902, Issam al-Khawlani(es)(ca) (Arabic: عصام الخولاني‎) conquered the Balearic Islands, and it became part of the Emirate of Córdoba. It took him 22 years to complete. Son Vida es una urbanización de lujo en Mallorca, España.Se encuentra situada en las colinas al oeste del centro de la ciudad de Palma.Está compuesta por más de 350 mansiones rodeadas de jardines, exuberante vegetación natural y el campo de Golf Son Vida.